Fabric components and performance

19 May.,2021

We may assess fabric performance in terms of the five selection critection of importance to consumers:appearance,comfort,maintenance,durability and cost.By now it is obvious that changing any of the fabric components can make a marked change in performance.

 

We may assess fabric performance in terms of the five selection critection of importance to consumers:appearance, comfort, maintenance,durability and cost. By now it is obvious that changing any of the fabric components can make a marked change in performance.


The use of different fibers will effect all the selection criteria, although to different extents.The bright, shiny appearance of some TR contrasts sharply with the relatively dull surface of wool. The comfort of cotton is superior to that of polyester, while the maintenance requirements of polyester make it more desirable in many end uses. In both durability and cost, the fibers extend across the spectrum from the relatively fragile yet expensive silk to the tough and relatively inexpensive nylon.


Changing the yarn type can effect dramatic changes in cloth properties. Fine, plied yarns with a high level of twist may yield durable, soil-resistant cloths that are excellent for work clothes but lack the esthetic and comfort properties that other types of garments may require. Lowering the degree of twist of simple yarns may give a cloth with a more pleasant hand and drape, and superior comfort. Filament yarns can, depending upon fiber type and whether or not they are textured, affect the appearance, comfort properties, maintenance requirements, and durability of cloth. For example, the TR fabric and filament fabric.


Fabric construction is a very important factor, affecting not only how a fabric performs but also how it is rated by the consumer. The notable difference in stretch between structions, which offer little resistance to soil penetration,may require more maintenance them score high in durability, the sheen and soft drape of the satins gives them superior esthetics, and the wrinkle resistance of durable knits makes them excellent fabrics for men's and women's wear.


We must always keep in mind that superior performance in one area may be achieved at the cost of decreased performance in another area. We can not expect a single fabric to give us everthing is well, one aspect is lost but another aspect maybe give us a pleasantly. so we must be prepared to make decisions in which we trade off between selection criteria. superior durability may be accomp


Fabric components and performance